On August 16, 2023, eight survivors of staff sexual abuse and retaliation at Federal Correctional Institution Dublin–a federal women’s prison in Dublin, California–and the California Coalition for Women Prisoners (CCWP) filed a class action lawsuit against the Bureau of Prisons, FCI Dublin officials, and several individual officers. The case was filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. The plaintiffs are represented by Rights Behind Bars (RBB), Rosen Bien Galvan & Grunfeld LLP (RBGG), and the California Collaborative for Immigrant Justice (CCIJ).  The complaint is here.

This case is a class action on behalf of all people incarcerated at FCI Dublin, where inadequate medical care, mental health care, and systems for preventing, detecting, investigating, and responding to staff sexual abuse put everyone at the facility at risk. The plaintiffs in this case have endured horrific abuse and exploitation at the hands of prison employees, including but not limited to: rape and sexual assault; manipulation and sexual coercion; rampant degrading sexual comments; voyeurism and taking and sharing explicit photos; drugging, groping, and other forms of abuse during medical exams; and targeted abuse towards immigrant women leveraging the threat of deportation.

“We are someone’s mom, we are someone’s daughter. We are here to be rehabilitated, but when we are abused, we cannot be,” said G.M., a named plaintiff in the suit. “We are asking for change, and for these officers and this system to be held accountable.”

“Things need to change in this prison, and the BOP has shown that they aren’t going to make changes on their own,” said A.V., a CCWP member currently incarcerated at FCI Dublin, “Prison staff act like because we are in prison, we don’t have rights. But we do have rights, and sexual abuse and harassment and retaliation were not part of our sentences.”

“We cannot prosecute our way to a solution to the crisis at FCI Dublin,” said Amaris Montes, attorney at Rights Behind Bars, “this isn’t a case of a few bad apples, we need systemic change that ensures survivors are released and receive care and that promotes safety for all those remaining inside.”

The Bureau of Prisons has long been aware of the problems at FCI Dublin. In 1995, three women incarcerated at FCI Dublin were sexually assaulted after guards let incarcerated men into their cells. These women filed a civil rights lawsuit (Lucas v. White, Case No. 96-2905TEH (ND Cal)), against the prison, and won a large settlement in 1998. Since then, numerous investigations and reports have found that abuse and harassment are serious and ongoing problems in the prison. FCI Dublin is not the only prison where these atrocities persist. According to an AP investigation, “the same year some of the women at Dublin complained, there were 422 complaints of staff-on-inmate sexual abuse across the system of 122 prisons and 153,000 inmates.”

Emily Shapiro, a member of California Coalition for Women Prisoners, emphasized: “The abuse at Dublin and the lack of oversight that’s enabled this abuse to persist and repeat itself for decades is baked into the carceral and immigration systems. So many of those impacted by staff abuse at Dublin are immigrants and officers have used the threat of deportation to try and silence them. Survivors and witnesses need to be released, protected, and returned to their families and communities.”

Over the past several years, people incarcerated at FCI Dublin started speaking out about ongoing sexual, physical, and psychological abuse by prison staff. The facility became the center of a massive criminal investigation, Congressional inquiries, and national press attention. Eight former staff members at FCI Dublin–including the former Warden Ray Garcia and the former Chaplain–have been charged with sexually abusing people in their custody, with more charges likely forthcoming. Despite increased public awareness and investigations, FCI Dublin has failed to remedy the systemic problems that created a culture of sexual violence and shielded the worst perpetrators from accountability.

“The entire system of preventing and responding to sexual abuse is broken,” added Kara Janssen, Senior Counsel at RBGG, “BOP must take immediate action to address rampant misconduct in its ranks, broken reporting systems, and ongoing retaliation or the abuse will continue.”

“Over and over, prison officials abuse the people in their custody. Over and over, brave survivors gather the strength to speak out. Year after year, from jails to prisons to immigration detentions, the violence is repeated,” said Susan Beaty, Senior Attorney with CCIJ. “As long as prisons exist, the people confined to their walls will face sexual abuse. Enough is enough.”

Alongside the complaint, the plaintiffs filed a Motion for Preliminary Injunction, to immediately remedy many of the systemic problems at FCI Dublin. On March 15, 2023 the Court granted Plaintiffs’ motion and ordered appointment of a Special Master to assist the Court in ensuring compliance with anticipated future orders to protect the incarcerated people at FCI Dublin.

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Formed in 2021, the Dublin Prison Solidarity Coalition is a partnership of people currently and formerly at FCI Dublin and their supporters. Coalition members include the ACLU of Northern California, the California Coalition for Women Prisoners, the California Collaborative for Immigrant JusticeDolores Street Community Services, and Rights Behind Bars.

Feds closed a prison notorious for abuse.  Things only got worse,  Rolling Stone, June 5, 2024

FCI Dublin’s closure was ‘ill-conceived, like Swiss Cheese:’ judge, KTVU, May 9, 2024

‘A Dysfunctional Mess’: Judge Orders Third-Party Oversight for East Bay Women’s Prison Plagued by Sexual Abuse, KQED, March 15, 2024

At This Women’s Prison in Dublin, Sexual Abuse Is Pervasive, KTVU podcast, March 16, 2024

FCI Dublin judge orders unprecedented special master over troubled prison, KTVU, March 15, 2024

Judge will appoint special master to oversee California federal women’s prison after rampant abuse, Associated Press, March 15, 2024

‘FCI Dublin is a dysfunctional mess’: Judge orders unprecedented oversight for scandal-plagued prison, The Mercury News, March 15, 2024

Judge orders special master for California prison known for rampant sexual abuse, The Guardian, March 16, 2024

Warden ousted amid FBI raid at scandal-plagued FCI Dublin women’s prison, Mercury News, March 11, 2024

FBI Raids Dublin Women’s Prison Plagued by Sexual Abuse, Associated Press, March 11, 2024

FCI Dublin warden, 3 other top managers ousted amidst FBI raid, KTVU, March 11, 2024

No contempt order against scandal-plagued Dublin women’s prison, but judge signals potential interest in new oversight, East Bay Times, February 27, 2024

Judge does not hold Bureau of Prisons in contempt of court over FCI Dublin transfer, KTVU, February 27, 2024

Federal judge likely to appoint reviewer at Bay Area women’s prison following surprise visit, Courthouse News Service, February 21, 2024

Judge Considers Federal Oversight for Dublin Women’s Prison Notorious for Sexual Abuse, KQED, January 3, 2024

Inmates at California women’s prison sue federal government over sexual abuse, Associated Press, August 17, 2023

Dublin women’s prison faces class action lawsuit over sexual abuse scandal, KQED, August 17, 2023

Dublin women inmates sue prison bureau over climate of abuse and retaliation, San Francisco Chronicle, August 17, 2023

Dublin federal prison sex assault victims file lawsuit, KTVU, August 17, 2023

Sexual abuse scandal at FCI Dublin women’s prison leads to lawsuit against federal prisons bureau, CBS News, August 17, 2023

Major lawsuit filed against FCI Dublin, the women’s prison where sexual abuse was rampant, Times-Herald, August 17, 2023

FCI Dublin faces class action lawsuit for decades of ignored sexual abuse allegations, Corrections 1, August 17, 2023

Explosive lawsuit exposes decades of sexual abuse and negligence at FCI Dublin women’s prison, Hoodline, August 17, 2023

Former Dublin inmates file class action lawsuit against prison, Patch.com, August 17, 2023